REVENUE AND FINANCE

 1832-1878.

THE earliest balance sheet of the district, as at present constituted, is for 1832-33. From territorial changes, older accounts are useless for purposes of comparison. Since 1833 several changes have taken place in the system of accounts, but most items can be arranged under corresponding heads in the forms now in use. Exclusive of the adjustment on account of alienated lands, the total transactions entered in the district balance sheet for 1878-79 amounted, under receipts, to 230,470 (Rs. 23,04,700) against 117,829 (Rs. 11,78,290) in 1832-33, and under charges, to 206,762 (Rs. 20,67,620) against 135,628 (Rs. 13,56,280). Exclusive of departmental miscellaneous receipts and payments in return for services rendered, such as post and telegraph receipts, the 1878-79 revenue under all heads, Imperial, provincial, local, and municipal, came to 136,249 (Rs. 13,62,490), or on a population of 1,019,136 souls, a share of 2s. 8d. (Rs. 1-5-6) per head. The corresponding receipts in 1832-33 amounted to 91,528 (Rs. 9,15,280), which, according to the 1846 population of 625,782 souls, gave per head a share of 2s. 11d. (Rs. 1-7-4).

Land Revenue.

During the last forty-seven years the following changes have taken place under the chief heads of receipts and charges: Land revenue receipts, forming 6885 per cent of 186,249 (Rs. 13,62,490) the entire revenue of the district, have risen from 66,080 (Rs. 6,60,800) in 1830-31 to 93,807 (Rs. 9,38,070) in 1878-79. The increase is chiefly due; (1) to the large area of land brought under tillage; (2) to the rise in produce prices, as in some parts of the district the Government assessment is still collected in kind; and (3) to the more correct measurements introduced with the survey. The land revenue charges show an increase from 11,157 to 33,665 (Rs. 1,11,570 - Rs. 3,36,650). This is partly due to new grants and increase of cash allowances to village officers and partly to general administrative changes.

The following statement [Figures for the years between 1830 and 1867 are taken from Statement No. 9 in Mr. Bell's Excise Report, dated 1st October 1869. Figures for subsequent years are taken from, the Annual Reports.] shows the land revenue collected in each of the forty-seven years ending 31st July 1879:

 Ratnagiri Land Revenue, 1830-1879,

YEAR.

Land Revenue;

YEAR.

Land Revenue.

YEAR.

Land Revenue.

TEAR.

Land Revenue.

 

 

 

 

1830-31

66,080

1835-36

73,492

1840-41

61,415

1845-46

63,596

1831-32

66,681

1836-37

74,500

1841-42

58,601

1846-47

62,950

1832-33

73,371

1837-38

75,945

1842-43

58,230

1847-48

67,265

1833-34

72,369

1838-39

73,707

1843-44

60,924

1848-49

70,748

1834-35

70,537

1839-40

66,712

1844-45

62,665

1849-50

66,360

Ratnagiri Land Revenue, 1830-1879—continued.

YEAR.

Land Revenue.

YEAR.

Land -Revenue.

YEAR.

Land -Revenue.

YEAR.

Land- Revenue.

 

 

 

 

1850-51

65,163

1858-59

80,011

1866-67

104,634

1874-75

96,176

1851-52

61,558

1859-60

91,603

1867-68

87,719

1875-76

88,880

1852-53

64,500

1860-61

79,554

1868-69

95,564

1876-77

87,672

1853-54

69,142

1861-62

82,830

1869-70

90,717

1877-78

90,755

1854-55

69,358

1862-63

85,514

1870-71

93,187

1878-79

93,807

I855-56

70.834

1863-64

105,912

1871-72

92,659

  

1850-57

72,284

1864-65

110,677

1872-73

95,341

  

1857-58

76,120

1865-66

101,479

1873-74

92,442

  

Stamps.

Stamp receipts have risen from 1620 to 14,482 (Rs. 16,200-Rs. 1,44,820), and stamp expenditure from 20 to 394 (Rs. 200-Rs. 3940). The increase under both heads is duo to changes in the law and administration of the stamp revenue.

Excise.

Excise receipts have fallen from 13,341 to 8006 (Rs. 1,33,410-Rs. 80,060). Many old cesses such as the house-tax, buffalo-tax, and others were abolished in 1844. The expenditure amounted in 1878-79 to 19 (Rs. 190). There arc many cocoa palms along the coast and a fair number of wild date, shindi, trees in the villages near the Sahyadris. From the juice of these trees Bhandaris manufacture spirits and sell them to the liquor farmers at a fixed price. Since 1868, the assessment on each tapped cocoa palm has been 1s. (8 annas).

Justice.

Law and justice receipts have risen from 367 to 815 (Rs. 3670 - Rs. 8150), and the expenditure from 10,876 to 17,333 (Rs. 1,08,760-Rs. 1,73,330). The rise in the expenditure is due to an increase in the pay of officers and establishment and to the opening of new civil courts.

Forests.

Forests is a new head. The receipts in 1878-79 amounted to 835 (Rs. 8350) and the expenditure to 1161 (Rs. 11,610).

Assessed Taxes.

The following table shows, exclusive of official salaries, the amount realised from the different assessed taxes levied between 1800 and 1879. Owing to their variety of rates and incidence it is difficult to make any satisfactory comparison of the result:

Ratnagiri Assessed Taxes, 1860-1879.

YEAR.

Amount.

YEAR.

Amount.

YEAR.

Amount.

Income Tax.

License Tax.

Income Tax.

1860-61

2301

1867-68

2070

1869-70

1869

1870-71

2403

1861-62

5725

 

 

1871-72

1255

1862-63

3654

Certificate Tax.

 

1872-73

748

1863-64

2589

 

 

License Tax.

 

1861-65

2301

1868-69

 851

1878-79

4222

Customs.

Customs receipts have fallen from 7698 to 289 (Rs. 76,980-Rs. 2890).

Salt.

Salt receipts have risen from 4352 to 36,071 (Rs. 43,520-Rs. 3,60,710), and salt expenditure from 12 to 3526 (Rs. 120-Rs. 35;260). The increase in the receipts is due to the enhanced rate of duty. In 1832-33 salt and customs transactions were shown separately; they were subsequently amalgamated and in 1871 again separated.

Military.

Military charges have fallen from 57,443 to 46,190 (Rs. 5,74,430 Rs. 4,61,900); the decrease is due to the abolition of the military cantonment at Dapoli and the total withdrawal of troops.

Post.

Postal receipts have risen from 258 to 4199 (Rs. 2580 Rs. 41,990), and post expenditure from 336 to 4538 (Rs. 3360 Rs. 45,380).

Telegraph.

Telegraph is a new head. The 1878-79 receipts amounted to 366 (Rs. 3660) and the expenditure to 337 (Rs. 3370).

Registration.

Registration receipts have risen from 45 to 1201 (Rs. 450  Rs. 12,010). In 1832-33 there were no charges; they have since risen to 736 (Rs. 7360).

Education.

Education receipts, a new item, amounted in 1878-79 to 313 (Rs.3130). The expenditure has risen from 124 to 1656 (Rs. 1240-Rs. 16,560).

Police.

Police charges have risen from 65 to 11,237 (Rs. 650 Rs. 1,12,370). The increase is due to the removal of the military and to the reorganization of the police force.

Medicine.

Medical charges have risen from 1749 to 2886 (Rs. 17,490 Rs. 28,860).

Jail.

The 1878-79 receipts, 491 (Rs. 4910) against 33 (Rs. 330) in 1832-33, represent the earnings of the Ratnagiri jail. The charges have risen from 37 to 2075 (Rs. 370 - Rs. 20,750).

Transfers.

Transfer receipts have risen from 17,739 to 56,132 (Rs.1,77,390 Rs. 5,61,320),and expenditure from 35,517 to 49,090 (Rs. 3,55,170 Rs. 4,90,900). The increased receipts are due to local funds income, to remittances from other treasuries, and to the adjustment of advances on account of boundary mark expenditure.