[The paras about aspect, climate, water, and soil have been compiled for Dapoli, Khed, Chiplun, Sangameshvar, Ratnagiri, Kajapur, and Devgad by Mr. G. W. Vidal, C.S., and for Malvan and Vengurla by Mr. N. Krishnarav. As the 1872 census figures and the produce returns for 1877-78 are not available for the ninn sub-divisions as they are at present constituted, the people and produce figures inserted in this chapter refer to the old sub-divisions,]